The department of business which looks into the management of capital is referred to as finance. It includes how individuals can monitor and maintain their investment activities that are expected to bring many pleasurable results regarding revenue. The field of finance, thus, encompasses the scrutiny and management of different risks that might interfere with an individual or organization’s capital. The accurate measurement of money in the discipline of economics is through the rate of returns he expects from the various investment activities, the real worth of the tangible property one has and the number of unforeseen uncertainties that his financial status faces. The field of finance is too big, and therefore, it has been dividing into three different groupings.
All issues that may affect a person about his financial status are referred to as personal finance. In this regard, the financial position of an individual is looked into and how it might be affected by the various environmental factors. In consideration is the net cash flow that occurs as a result of movement of money into and out of a person’s hands and his ideal status in regards to his financial capabilities. Having been enlightened about his financial position, the individual therefore takes efforts of making sure that his financial position remains stable or improves. This is accomplished through the stages of identifying the risks and planning on how to counter them, planning on the tax measures, formulating investment goals and lastly looking into the retirement plan.
Corporate finance is described to as the field of finance that looks into how companies can source for their capital and the various management measures that are taken by those in charge of the company to ensure that their owners can get value from their business. The practice of minimizing the risks a business faces and in the process create profit for the organization and the its owners is what the discipline of corporate finance deals with.
With regards to the field, the allocation of money to the various investment ventures that are considered worthy to pursue despite the numerous alternatives that may be in place. To know the financial muscles of a firm, the ability to source for funds is crucial.
The financial activities of the various bodies which have been given the mandate to rule in over a specific region such as country, county, municipality and province is referred to as public finance. In this regard, the governing authority evaluates the various investment projects that should be undertaken in the region in order to serve the people. The capital acquisition and payment procedure is therefore looked into by the governing bodies.